° Wrocław (known also as Breslau and Vratislavia) is a city on the Oder River in western Poland. It’s known for its historic Market Square, lined with elegant townhouses, gothic, medieval towers and outstanding medieval gothic town hall with its large astronomical clock. The city is set on 12 islands and more than 100 bridges. The walls are steeped in the city’s rich and turbulent history. Ostrów Tumski, “the Cathedral Island”, one of the most beautiful surviving sacred architecture sites in Europe, is a reminder of the early Middle Ages. Wroclaw lies on the crossroad of Polish, German, Bohemian, Czech and Silesian cultures having been ruled by various monarchies across its history. At various times, it has been part of the Kingdom of Poland, Kingdom of Bohemia, Kingdom of Hungary, Habsburg Monarchy, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire, Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany. Wrocław became part of Poland again in 1945, as a result of the border changes after the Second World War, which included a nearly complete exchange of population. In 2016 Wroclaw was the European Capital of Culture.
City of Wroclaw